The Facts

young heroin user

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Explore common misconceptions about opioids through the voices of teens. Go to Operation Prevention.

 

 

HEROIN ABUSE:

  • 1 in 5 high school seniors know how to get heroin easily.
  • The vast majority of teens do not use heroin. In a 2017 national survey, only 0.4% of 12th graders used heroin in the past year.1
  • 95.5% of 12th graders disapprove of taking heroin occasionally.1
  • In 2016, over 600,000 people (12 or older) reported having a heroin use disorder.2
     

PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE:

  • Prescription opioid analgesics, specifically those containing oxycodone and hydrocodone, are the most common types of prescription drugs that are diverted for misuse and abused.
  • Each day in the United States, over 174 people die as a result of a drug overdose.3
  • In 2016, an estimated 3.6 million people (aged 12 or older) reported past month misuse of opioid pain relievers.2
  • 53% of nonmedical users (12 years or older) reported receiving the prescription drugs they most recently used “from a friend or relative for free.”4 


FENTANYL

  • Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is 80-100 times stronger than morphine.
  • ​The death rate of synthetic opioids other than methadone, jumped by 72.2% from 2014 to 2015.5
  • During 2016 alone there were almost 29,000 reports of fentanyl (up from 1,041 reports in 2013).6

 


1 Source: University of Michigan, 2017 Monitoring the Future Study. View source here.

2 Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, September 2017.  View source here.

3 Source: Drug Overdose Deaths in the United States, 1999-2016. View source here.

4 Source: Prescription Drug Use and Misuse in the United States: Results from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, September 2016.  View source here.

5 Source: Rudd RA, Seth P, David F, Scholl L. Increases in Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2010–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 16 December 2016. View source here.

6 Source: “Fentanyl: The Next Wave of the Opioid Crisis.” Statement from Louis J. Milione Assistant Administrator, Drug Enforcement Administration. March 21, 2017.